There are 15 children diagnosed with cancer for every one child diagnosed with pediatric AIDS. Yet, the U.S. invests approximately $595,000 for research per victim of pediatric AIDS and only $20,000 for each victim of childhood cancer.
The National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) federal budget was $4.6 billion. Of that, breast cancer received 12%, prostate cancer received 7%, and all 12 major groups of pediatric cancers combined received less than 3%.
The American Cancer spends less than 70 cents of each 100 dollars raised on childhood cancer.
Cancer kills more children than any other disease, more than Asthma, Cystic Fibrosis, Diabetes and Pediatric AIDS combined.
This year, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, a cancer of the white blood cells, will be diagnosed in about 3,000 U.S. children, making it the most common pediatric cancer.
Sadly, over 2,300 children with cancer die each year.
Every school day 46 children are diagnosed.
1 in 330 children will have the disease by age 20.
Cancers in very young children are highly aggressive and behave unlike malignant diseases at other times in life.
80% of children have metastasized cancer at the time of their diagnosis. At diagnosis, only 20% of adults with cancer show evidence that the disease has spread or metastasized.
Detecting childhood cancers at an early stage, when the disease would react more favorably to treatment, is extremely difficult.
Cancer symptoms in children – fever, swollen glands, anemia, bruises and infection – are often suspected to be, and at the early stages are treated as, other childhood illnesses.
Even with insurance coverage, a family will have out-of pocket expenses of about $40,000 per year, not including travel.
Treatment can continue for several years, depending on the type of cancer and the type of therapy given.
Childhood cancer is not one disease entity, but rather is a spectrum of different malignancies.
Cancers found in children are biologically different from those seen in adults.
The 10 most common types of childhood cancer are as follows3:
Leukemia (acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia)
CNS, brain, and spinal cord tumors
Lymphomas, (including Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma)
Skin cancer and melanomas
Soft tissue tumors (including rhabdomyosarcoma)
Germ cell tumors
Bone cancers (including osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma)
Renal cancer (including Wilms tumor)
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